The Ad-mapu constitutes permanent wisdom. This knowledge is the group of symbols and traditional practices as well as the beliefs, which say that Chao created the Mapuches as well as the earth. The rituals recreate the Ad-mapu and also the reciprocity with Ngnechén, for the new gifts: life, health, and fertility.
Peuma or sleep is the contingent wisdom. Through it the Machi con see the rhythm of events and the meaning of dreams in everyday occurrences. The Perrimontún are the premonitions, through which the Machi receives warnings and announcements about future events.